How to revive the Indian agriculture?

These current economic scenarios is far from any certainty and predictability. There are many challenges, from the external challenges and the internal turmoil. Of course, the economic and political issues, in the best of times or worst of situations are always very complex and complicated. That is why in an ironical sense both the politicians and the professional economists are always over-rated!

Now, coming to the current times we see that India as the world’s largest democracy as well as the fifth largest economy, also with the latest Chinese incursions and the prevailing Covid-19 Corona Virus Pandemic, is facing multiple challenges. Of course those who are in positions of authority, in politics and other responsible policy making spheres have special moral responsibility to play their roles with greater commitment. Now, we at Vadamalai Media and committed as we are to the nationally crucial agriculture sector, we have to write and comment with greater responsibility.

We are not in any position of political responsibility, though we feel that even otherwise, agriculture is a type of sphere where there are too many voices, both official as well as political that agriculture is one arts where everyone seems to be cut off from actual practical farming as their daily livelihood. That its one very important reason, among others, to see that Indian agricultural policy making is so skewed. That the actual farmers, cultivator is always in an exploitative situation. Now, the current scene. As one senior agri scientist who participated in Vadamalai Media’s new online venture, www.agricultureinformation.com video conferencing “Discussion Group”‘s daily event, that after the current threatening Covid 19 Pandemic, it is the agriculture sector, the farming activity is as active as the Covid Virus sector. Challenge!

Now, it is for the first time in India we, Indians themselves have realised that Indian agriculture at the all India level is very much dependent on migrant labour. On such a vast scale who and which expert, agri or non-agri who has said so far? As far as we know none! Such is the dependence of Indian agriculture that once the Corona Virus hot and when many states announced lockdowns a storm, almost like flood havoc drove out such vast numbers, the rural migrants who flooded the fields of Punjab, Haryana and West UP, not to speak of other States, many in the Southern India, also saw this vast humanity flooding out to their rural hinterlands seeking an escape from this Pandemic.

As per latest statistics, lndia’s salaried population is only a small fraction of this total work force which explains why so many migrants had to move out of cities when the lockdown was announced on March 24. The International Labour Organisation (lLO) estimates that only 22% of India’s work force falls under the category of salaried employment and 78% of people had no assured salary and was bound to suffer in such uncertain periods.

In fact, we would say that it is an opportunity now that for people at large and also for cultivating public opinion on such critical issues like agriculture, the sector for which we are committed to realise that how important agriculture sector is for such national priorities like surplus food production and also still more seriously how agriculture with its bounty of providing a food surplus that is also very critical to survive in this increasingly uncertain world. We Indian people must also know that in the rest of the world, in the Middle East and also in some parts of Africa people pay a heavy price, as in Syria, Lebanon and other neighbouring countries, there is a food crisis right now and wars and political instabilities cause an immense misery and much heartburn for people with less fortunate leaders. The important point we want to further convey is that in India too we need to pay greater attention beyond agriculture, food production, we have to equally commit ourselves, the importance of politics, good governance and also the public opinion and public perception of the quality of our leaders, politicians and the political class, the political elite whose compositions, with corruption and undemocratic composition of our political party cadres and the sort of mentality developed by our leaders to run their party machines with such huge political denotations (the latest estimate is that the ruling party collected Rs 4057.40 crores and spent Rs. 1,371.82 crores, as per the research of the Association for Democratic Reforms). We have much more to say for the nature of our highly unequal and inequitable political structures in the name of democracy. All these, not just the poverty and exploitation of the poor. So the point here is that India is much better in agriculture development issues but there are very many structural issues. You can’t separate politics from economics and so vice versa. Now, the latest announcement of the Prime Minister for free food and also direct payment into the hands of the poor to cut short the bureaucratic constraint is welcome. Let us hope the free food scheme works satisfactorily. As for the revival of agricultural economy, one important point here is that, as well know that the marginal farmers is in the majority. The average farm holding is less than two hectares per household.

To make farming profitable, we have written extensively. So, there is no point here in writing anything more. The ground level reality is that the returned migrant labour would now get back to the old haunts where they had learnt to. Earn three of four times the daily wage is. So, please don’t disturb this existing rural realities. Innovate new production techniques and let new innovations like producers farming societies and other contract farming practices come into a new life. Let the co-operative efforts plus other new initiates succeed.

There are other land reform laws still there and inhibit freedoms of farmers. In Karnataka they are making changes. We need farmers freedoms ensured. Don’t tie the land owners to some outdated land reform laws further.

Bank loans to actual farmers must be liberally provided, so too the marketing reforms.

There may be some disruptions. Disruptions are better for some time than present day anti-liberal mind set of populist politics!

Date : 15.06.2020

Shri Ramesh Pokhriyal Nishank
Hon’ble Minister of HRD
302-C, Shastri Bhawan,
New Delhi- 110001
Phones:+91-11-23782698/23782387
+91-11-23382365 (FAX)
E-mail: minister.hrd@gov.in

Sub: To draw up well-thought out higher education policy – reg:

Dear Hon’ble Minister,

Namaskar,

I had not long ago written a letter to your good self regarding the activation of library system in the States where in most of the States have not attended the activation of libraries.

Also lately I had written one more letter addressed to the Prime Minister on the need for education reforms which unfortunately had not taken off in the last six years of the BJP rule, in spite of several attempts to draw up an education policy.

I have been interested in this field for a long time.

Today I read in the Financial Times of London about how the recent Indo-China issue had led to many heart-rending scenes as circulated in the China media, the Chinese Global Times and also in the social media how the Indian soldiers are treated badly. I am sure the Government of India must be aware of these humiliations.

However, what prompted me to write this letter to your good self directly is the urgency, yes I would say so, to draw up a sound education policy that would, I am sure, meet the strategic need. To draw up a higher education policy that would add strength and also reverse the current trend towards lakhs of Indian students who migrate every year to pursue higher education in Western countries, UK and USA and also other countries like Canada, Australia.

By one latest count, again published in the FT, some around 3 lakh Indian students travelled in the year 2019 alone. You must be surely aware that it costs each Indian student nearly one crore for a first degree. While the home students, UK and USA, pay only one third of the same.

Are we not wasting so much of our foreign exchange? Simply because of our poor higher education policy in our country. Our higher education strategy doesn’t contribute to strengthen our country’s intellectual base, not contribute to the self-confidence and creativity and also in sciences and technology. We don’t match with the progress made in the new technologies, in particular in the IT and software fields, as per the latest data on, say start ups and other related tech fields.

When we write to the PMO our letters are filed under some head or other, it never gets the PM”s attention.

You have to engage the best minds of the country to draw up a well-thought out higher education policy and the comparable Indian university system. How long we are going to follow the Western education priorities?

Higher education has already become mass education and the private players have already commercialised the field that no longer contributes higher research and solving problems our country badly needs.

I am sure you are seized with the issues faced by the sector and in my opinion, the humbling truth is that bureaucrats can’t draw up a courageous and independent minded approach to the issues.

I had studied at Santiniketan and Oxford and I can say with confidence that if you don’t intervene the Indian education system won’t change for another one century and more!

Let us start right now and also we have to compete with the world higher education system.

Hope this letter triggers your thoughts and cause some action!

With warm regards,

V.Isvarmurti

Timely bold economic stimulus no doubt
But when will the lockdown be lifted and what happens next?
The Rs.20 lakh crore package timely
But how to implement? What happens next?
Economic recovery calls for robust common sense approach!

How to implement the big Schemes and revive the economy?
No easy answers and no clear vision!

The two month long economic lockdown ran out its course and the economy is now open. It is only right to call this opening as hopefully opening!

One can’t say at this point whether this hope is fulfilled or other obstacles come in.
No people or country can live without hope and a confidence in the future. So, we can say with some confidence that India would pass through this Covid 19. Challenges and new medicines would come along, given the latest information that at least about one hundred company’s are engaged in finding out the new cure for this deadly disease that had taken a heavy toll on people from all the countries.

This is not the time to talk anything else except that the whole world looks for resourceful countries to invest in discovering new cures.

At least one current change in the Indian authorities’ mindset is that the Indian arm of the medical rise which otherwise has been criticised by the reputed medical journal Lancet of the UK. Now, of course. The WHO has called for a pause. As the drug is not proven by the WHO. But the US President is reportedly taking the drug and hence the outside world must confuse. However, the UK government’s handling of the. Covid 19 is far from satisfactory.

Indian TV channels, one channel prominently has shown how the elderly care in the UK is very poor.

This is the first time. We see such sobbing and even crying scenes are shown to the outside world. Anyway, we have to wait for some new vaccine.

And that seems some time away.

It has been the Indian mindset so far that whatever Indians do must get some foreign approval, specially the UK or the US official approval.

Thanks to the current leadership there in the USA Mr.Donald Trump, in the UK, that of the British establishment to wait for such approvals.

Now, thanks to events and personality. Both the leaders had lost. Such of their credibility by not acting out their roles due to their countries’ power and reputation.

One of the sad developments. There in those two great countries are their own leadership roles. As well as their own countries’ media.

For all these days of very high costs in human lives lost there. Their own media both print and TV media didn’t share with the peoples of the world what is happening inside their countries.

It comes as a great shock and surprise that for days together the British media, specially the otherwise much admired BBC TV channels, there was almost total black out of the COIVD 19 causalities. What sort of media freedom, open society and presenting last data and information on this deadly virus?

So much human lives lost and yet we, inside India least, were so anxious to know their own countrymen and families, with so much high causality happening there was no way to know the exact loss of lives.

So, at least this time, after so many years of Indians’ own misconceptions about the strengths and weaknesses their health. Service, social security issues.

Why we write so much on the British failings at this point of time is that at least from now onwards there must be a new awareness about living in Britain and the USA.

One other major awareness even inside India, in our opinion is that, that till now, until the exodus of the vast scale of inside Indian. Rural and agricultural labour population that almost set out as a new wave of human explosion.

Are there so much vast scale of rural unemployment in the Indian states, more so in the north Indian states like Bihar and UP?

This is a highly emotional and economic issue that from now on at least our planners and policy makers must think in terms of new rural development strategy.

Now, the Finance Minister, Nirmala. Seetharaman has announced the government’s new economic stimulus package ,the dimensions of which might unfold in the coming days and months.

Economics, for those who had not studied it from highly reputed academies, in the UK and USA, must look like one more degree earning and job hunting exercise. May be that is one more reason why most of our highly competent economists are all employed abroad in the US university departments.

Sitting in such remote rooms and also travelling occasionally to India and giving some lectures. Or still easier, participating in some TV quiz like questions and answers, you can’t give solid advice how to spend the economic package announced. One aspect is how to help small and marginal farmers, or how to revive the agricultural economy.

Since our area is agriculture here are some points. One experts say: put the money in the hands of farmers, without any security and interest. Is this politics or economics?

Only those who are familiar with living in the rural areas know well that. The average landholding being what is less than one hectare. And also agriculture being unviable at that scale, the money put into the hands of this section would go directly in consumption!
So, please, we ask the government, the FM in particular to think of some institutional reforms like panchayat raj and ask rural co-operatives, wherever they are funding well, strengthening them and make in one word activity of group functioning.

There are so many complex issues that must be discussed before putting the raw cash in the hands of the farmers.

We are of the firm view that any farmer in India is a debtor or a litigants. So much complex is rural land ownership issues.

Agriculture and panchayat raj, rural co-ops and of course the usual agenda of corruption and electoral reforms and a transparent and efficient administration only can revive the economy in the genuine sense.

The PMO responds to the letters of the PMO’s grievances Cell!
Also the PMO is active and sensitive to the citizens’ petitions!
Even now the dilemma of Panchayat Raj vs. District Collector’s Raj!

Yet creating rural employment is not so easy. Rural India is a complex web.
The Indian migrants problem is very intricate indeed.

We appeal to the PMO and also the NITI AYOG to consider our views very carefully. Rural India is full of contradictions. There is high political and administrative corruption. Nothing moves without corrupt practices. The party apparatus is the first hurdle.

Party functionaries, from village to the district and why even the upper levels are known to indulge in dubious activities. The government schemes function in a partisan way.
The administrative structure, with petty party cadre seem to be active in interfering with the police to other levels of administration.

There are other traditional socio-economic and cultural hurdles. Now democrat had changed its features. Everyone is a political functionary these days. Our years in the rural media had taught us what the professional economists and experts haven’t taught us.
That is: Every marginal farmer is either debtor and also a litigant.

Even petty piece of land ownership leads the farmer, the marginal and small farmers, and the darlings of urban chatteratti.

‘The enormiity of the Indian migrant problems is going to remain with us for a long time.
Better we create a conducive environment after sometime so that the returned migrants might themselves go for old jobs with high payments.

We did’nt realise how vast is the Indian rural migration population.
Even the Supreme Court didn’t take up their case for the first 50 odd days.

Only when the migrants actually came out in the open and also, tragically left out for themselves India woke up to the Enormity of the problem is likely to persist so long we don’t r really wake up to the rural issues.

Our media kit focused at the rural Indian r realities and we have to shed our urban-biased mindset.

In many States of India hardly any decentralisation of power has taken root.
In the initial years after Independence and also when the voices of such leaders like Mahatma Gandhi and Pandit Jawaharlal Nehru were still resonant we all talked of swaraj and gram Swarj and lastly Panchayat Raj.

Though years rolled on we have forgotten many ideas and values of our freedom struggle and we increasingly fallen for the more material pursuits.

By the year 1967. The Congress party itself, under the Indira Gandhi years things in fact went more wrong paths and we saw many consolidation of power around individual leaders and also the rise of other minor parties and their known ideological proclivities.
The rise of splinter parties, more chauvinistic politics led to minor heroes like the DMK, later AIADMK in TN, the rise of ShivSena in Maharashtra and many other caste and communal parties brought about a new mindset.

There is no point in coming to the present scenario, the Congress party itself went its own way, there is now a family-centric dynastic politics and this has also contributed to the weakening of values.

So, to cut the story short, today inspire of Rajiv Gandhi two important Constitutional Amendments, one on Panchayat Raj decentralisation, not much had changed on the ground level.

Only in Karnataka, one in Kerala under the Communist regime Karnataka under the Ramakrishna Hegde government. A genuine radical change was sought to be implemented.

The recent trends in other states like Tamil Nadu we see a total bureaucratic control and centralisation and concentration of power.

In TN, the state knows better it is the district Collector’s Raj!
So, what sort of rural r realities we see today?
The panchayat bodies are almost dead and gone.

So. We need a whole new way of thinking and imagination. First, we must understand fully the rural realties.

We need a vision, if you so desire a new political and economic ideology.

Politically, we have to reform the.democratic decentralisation. The words might be changed but the understanding must be clear and also open-minded.

You have to understand the changed and changing rural India. The rural youth, we saw in hundreds walking back to their villages, in the migrant trail, all seem to be educated enough to know what the rural realities are there. They we say after sometime would surely go back to their old jobs which are very attractive than what they would get back in their villages.

So, please reform the panchayat raj institutions. Make at least a number of these migrant youth and others back in their villages empowered. Make them panchayat pradhans. Give them the hope of progress with liberalised opportunities, with credit and cash. Make for a liberalised rural society.

Encourage them with moral strength to seize the opportunities for a prosperous rural India. Give them political power and also economic opportunities. Small and medium industries can come up only when their own political and cultural rights are recognised. Caste is a very sensitive issue.

Unless you commit for a clear commitment to a progressive ideology, none would believe. The present day pretensions of a highly unequal society and also an inequitable social order. That is one reason why the traditional parties like the Congress stand discredited.

Anyone listening?

Lifeline for India’s economic prosperity. Times seem to have changed. Forever? It looks at this point of time it is forever!

The Covid-19 Pandemic could not have come at the worst time. Among the more serious tragedies and human misery about the sights and sounds of the thousands of ads the rural migrant desperately seeking to return to their own natives homes distributed in almost all the northern states from Assam to the other neighboring states from Bengal to Jharkhand and Bihar and UP from where lakhs of rural migrants who had migrated every year till now. Seeking better life, higher wages and assurance jobs at times of scarcity. This is an annual ritual till. This time.

Only now after the Covid 19 broke out even the authorities never seem to have realized the dimension of the scale of the problems.

Even after the Covid 19 Pandemic broke out, after some more than 60 days we see the thousands of migrants hanging over in the cities, in Mumbai and Delhi. In Delhi after ignoring the human issues and many tragedies, many retiring migrants have died on the was, still more poignant stories, the Apex Court had decided to hear the plight of the migrants stranded in the cities.

As for the government it is of great credit for the government that India has done extremely well; it earns a very good name among the more advanced countries. This we have to keep in mind and stand united behind the government in this hour of peril.

The whole world is puzzled; USA and UK were once held as role models; no more, we are sorry to note.

If this is what these countries have achieved in healthcare, then it is too much to expect from lesser endowed in resources like India.

What India must be doing now and after is a matter for discussion.

What we have to do at the moment is to lessen the hardships of the people, the returning migrants.

The humbling truth is that the government, specially the critical railways authorities have failed the suffering people by letting them to hang on for such long days.

The other agency. That are engaged in humanitarian series like catering and care for the suffering people on the railway tracks and roads where they seem to have halted for the nights and they also walked all through these thousands of miles and we, as compassionate society failed.

No leaders of any stature seem to have come out and spoken and asked for help from the concerned authorities.

This is one side of the problem, even as we write at the beginning of June thousands are left out. On the day the Supreme Court was hearing the cases, thousands are seen gathered and ,by one account 2.5 lakh people in Delhi alone and there are 262 trains required to ferry them.

In this new human crisis everyone concerned seems to have failed. Whatever be the outcomes of the SC hearing, there is no immediate end to this seemingly unending tragedy.

This is one side of the Pandemic crisis, apart from the pandemic crisis itself which is taking an unbearable heavy human toll. This is not the place to discuss further about how the issues would be sorted out. We are sure it would be sorted out, we hope in some days. The other more serious issues are lying to be tackled and this might not be very easy by any standard.

That is how to envisage the economic challenges. One is creating employment on sustainable scale. It is not easy at all. How this estimated 5 and odd crore returnee migrants to be retained or helping them to their own haunts.

There is no way to deviate from ground level realities. After a few days, not even months, the returned migrants would be the realities at their home states, given the manner in which ground level realities are played out there is no other way than to allow the people to go wherever they want, wherever there are productive jobs.

Punjab and Haryana would beckon them back. No doubts about it. So, let us at least now learn to. send them back with some dignity and order. Then, of course there are other larger issues, the larger picture and also some wisdom on the part of politicians and leaders to learn to. Speak some truth, not bravo and empty rhetoric.

We have written long and much. About rural India, rural realities. We need power decentralisation, establishing genuine panchayat Raj institutions and creating more urban-type jobs another new world technology based jobs.

Now having met whole Pandemic 19 virus attack, here would be new technologies. More online based productive jobs outside, away from the concentrated office jobs.

Online there can be any number of new innovations.

We at Vadamalai are also changing with the times. There are now new features online and discussion groups online and video-conferencing activities in the days to come. Thank you.