In a recent apex court plea by The Wire the Chief Justice of India Dipak Misra reminded journalists that they can’t write as pore their imagination and deliver sermons like the “Pope sitting in a pulpit”.

Dipak Misra

Dipak Misra

This was a very important case in which very high profile persons were involved. The son of Amit Shah, Jay Shah is involved and therefore there was a great deal of interest in the case.  Apart from other considerations, the high political tensions prevailing in India and that too on the day next when the by elections in Gorakhpur and Phupur and even from Bihar were out and the first shock defeats of the ruling party were uppermost in the minds of the countrymen.

So, the very case and also the very casual observations, we think of the CJI were taken in very different meanings by all the interested persons and groups.

CJI’s every word and utterance has the power of   the law and has many implications. So, every word counts.

Media freedom too is not a simple word or phrases either. Also the timing is crucial. CJI’s remarks came at a most vulnerable time for the BJP. Is this the freedom of the humble scribe, the paid employee or the pay master’s very many needs?

And nowadays, media functions have become very sensitive issues.
How many people in India know that in recent years there have been much violence and murders of journalists and writers? There is enough statistics to show that we can’t take media freedom lightly.

And also, the very face of the media culture, the industry, and the new investors in the media are all undergoing changes.
Expressing opinion freely is not yet a reality in the Indian context. So, we need more careful discussion. The editors’ guild and the newspaper associations seem to be lying low. We may be wrong and we stand corrected. Let experts speak out.

For newspaper owners, the traditional conservative medium today   how the news appeared. We just looked at three major newspapers, one established for long in Madras, one established in Bangalore and the one established as the dominate paper in Mumbai, how they reported this very important court proceedings?

The most conservative one from Madras left out the news on the next day, Thursday! The one from Bangalore reported the news in full. The news appearing in the Mumbai edition and its regional editions, the one from Bangalore, we read the news where the full report was not there. Only in the Bangalore edition, the use of the term “Poe in a pulpit was reported.

Also the names of the high profile lawyers, Kapil Sibal, A.M.Singhvi and also Raju Ramachandra were all given in the Bangalore newspapers but not in the Mumbai newspaper
All these small details matter in such a sensitive case for the reputed lawyers, the countrymen know are very expensive talents and a small media like The Wire can’t engage them normally, right?

What does this convey? It shows the importance of the case and also the issues involved and also the combatants and what they represent by way of ideas and ideals. You see the media industry is thriving in some areas and also face resistance in some other areas.

First, the government media is really gagged to borrow from the CJI’s observations. The citizens have no way to know of what the government does from either the Doordharsan or from the very functioning of the Prasar Bharati.

So, where the government media is gagging the news from a liberal point of view what islet?

Second, the electronic media on which the CJI concentrated, is now controlled, some of the channels, including the most popular ones are controlled by big business. So, this class of channels too are afraid of the government.

What is left out now?
Only one or two rare and daring individuals who want to feel free to report and comment in an unrestricted atmosphere.
So, what space such rare individuals can do?

Already one or two such individuals facing torture by the vested interests. So, we feel like telling that the real media freedoms come or possible for only “those who dare and act success comes, success possible. Such rare and dare individual comes also rarely. Not every day you can see such light to d shine on the otherwise highly controlled society and the country.

At the international level too India doesn’t rank high in the media freedom. So, what conclusions we can draw?

We have to live like this with fear in the hearts and consternation in our thoughts we have to live the life of second class citizens?

Who cares for such fears and thoughts?
There has to be a wide debate about the sort of ideologies the political parties subscribe nowadays?

It is all power grabs that captures the eyes. The Rajya Sabha is fast turning into rich men’s club and no one cares or asks questions. Also, the reporting from New Delhi is becoming sketchy and unreliable as we have pointed out here itself. May be the role of social media and  the fake news etc must lead to expert debates on the very like future of media freedom we often routinely talk about when we superficially claim a big role for India’s democracy.

In the world itself we see the rise of authoritarian tendencies in all major countries.

So, we say: It is at the end of the day, it is the public perception, it is the public opinion, however restricted and however government-directed that matters.

So, we ask the public to form their own opinions and draw their own conclusions. Media freedom in India is at the crossroads, to put it as a cliche.

There are risks and dangers ahead. There are temptations for moving in a fascist fashion. Fear can be easily injected into the political system. Please resist, please allow some more freedom of action and noise from the people.

Let us all realise that rallies like the kisan rally to Mumbai from Nashik was a positive sign. All parties concerned, the kisan, the organisers, the state government, all behaved in an exemplary manner. Mubaikars, the public, the youth, the helpers all spontaneously to the event.

This is tolerance and expression of freedoms of the people.

On allegations and mere suspicions!
It sounds a bit odd and discomforting?

Sikka Sharma

Sikka Sharma

Yes, it is a sort of news you don’t expect in normal course of business. And in a business like banking, that too high profile banking, you need much discretion and discrete actions. Not you announce in the media that too by such sensitive agencies like these ones.

This time, there has been lots of news where the much feared CBI and the ED  are at a relentless pursuit of the corrupt and the  illegal activities of the rich and the powerful.

Only in India we seem to be obsessed with the rich and the powerful. The humble and the marginalised lot, say, the farmers never make it to the front pages unless there is a sort of large scale suicides. This too sometimes happen and unfortunately, lately, we have come to be reconciled with this reality of the countryside too. So, the poor really make for front pages.

AS WE WRITE THE LARGE SCALE PROTESTS OVER THE SUPPOSED OR SUSPECT
dilution of the SC/ST prevention of atrocities act are competing for front page news or prime time news on the TV screens.
Yes, suddenly put of the blue, it seemed, the two otherwise fine banks, private sector banks at that, run by two high profile and well-regarded and efficient banks with all the modern styles of management and prompt services banks came in to scrutiny.

What surprised the public as we see is the sort of overseeing by the apex bank, namely the Reserve Bank of India? Only recently we felt compelled to comment on the sort of arguments that went on between the Finance Ministry and the RBI over their own responsibility in supervising and controlling the management of the PSU banks.

One PSU bank, the second in the set of the PSU banks, went on to report cheating and large scale looting of public funds, tax payers money and deposits by one big, any two diamond merchants running to the tune of Rs.15, 000, or nearly to this much of funds spirited away and the t duo left the country to avoid action by the CBI and the ED.

What the government did b y way of prompt action?
The Board of Directors of this large PSU remains in place and everything goes on as if nothing had happened?
It this the way a government functions? Only the public wondered and otherwise no one raised any counter voice!

Is there fear in the system, in the country, among the general public?

It is for readers, experts and others to respond and give some light to the otherwise dark passages!
Now in the case of the ICICI and the Axis Bank there are reports of some irregularities.

But then, the counter arguments in the public domain and also from the regulatory regime, the very many agencies and the experts who appeared at the TV debates is that, yes, there looks to be some deviations, the CEO and MD’s family members are beneficiaries and if so the concerned official should have rescued herself so that the alleged conflict of interest could have been avoided. But then there again counter arguments for this. First, already the allegations had been made and the RBI had already probed the ICIC’s Bank loan to v Videocon Group in 2016.

Much more than these technical and subtle issues of good governance at the bank, is the public perception that the Board of Directors of this big private bank had probed the allegation and came out with a clean chit.

Axis Bank had thrived under Sikka Sharma for the last 10 years and had made a mark retail base and won laurels.
Normally, a private bank or business must be left with freedom within reasonable limits. Why the CBI comes in?

Some government agency must have promoted it?
It seems so?
Then the question arises why  the RBI is silent? The finance ministry is silent?

For those matters, so many other regulatory agencies are also silent?
The public would ask such questions. It is not the government that should be doing the work of other regulatory agencies, right?

Anyway, also two high profile ladies whose reputations are hit.
It is no good for the society to be informed of such drastic public exposure to a charge that is yet to be proved.

By looking at it from the public interest point of view that the exposure in such a highly sensational manner is not good for anybody’s interest. The trust and confidence and much else seem to be hurt in a manner that is unlikely to go away so easily.  Private business must thrive in an open and trustful manner. Doing business must be an honest pursuit. Too much intrusion into one’s freedoms is no trait of a liberal and open society.

Indian democracy? Towards transparency, accountability and ensuring citizen’s  freedoms?
What is Modi’s new talk of New India?
Can Indian democracy succeed without fighting corruption and black money menace?

Mr.Modi after the series of victories in the Assembly elections seemed to have changed his goals too. He was till now, that is, in his first two years was promising many things. Many pet schemes. Swatch Bharat etc. Now, suddenly he started talking of New India.

Also, after the third meeting of the Niti Ayog meeting with all the chief ministers in attendance, the Prime Minister started talking about his three year action plan, seven year development plan and fifteen year vision plan!

Even the traditional jargon had been dropped and new words and phrases had come in. Is this enlightening? What the assembled Chief Ministers had told in the meet? No information, no news. What sort of transparent governance is this? This is very unsatisfactory.

Also, suddenly, the Supreme Court had ordered to create the Lokpal, the top anti-corruption institution that is hanging fire for a very long time. (Add from the previous writing). It is unlikely that this would be complied with.

It is time India brings about  proper political reforms to ensure that the Parliamentary system adheres to the British model of the two party systems. Two major parties, the ruling and the Opposition party and the rights and privileges of the Opposition party’s functioning. Now, there is a certain distortion.

The ruling party with an overwhelming majority with a strong-minded Prime Minister tries to dominate and over-ride the checks and balances and tries to drown the voice of the opposition in many ways.

And if this comes at a time when the leader of the opposition, not the formal front faced but the real power concentrated, as it is, at the hands of a dynastic member like Rahul Gandhi and when Rahul Gandhi is perceived to be weak and temperamental and highly arbitrary, then, the parliamentary system falters. Why, now even in the media, on TV screens there are open debates about sidelining Rahul Gandhi and bringing to the centre stage either Mamata Bannerjee or Nitish Kumar as the new face of Opposition unity. Whether this would work or Mr.Modi might find new ways to scuttle the opposition unity?

This is the big question. As it is proved right now in India there are still discordant voices in the ruling combine as well as in the opposition ranks.

India has a legitimate role as a leading democracy of the parliamentary type in the world outside UK. Even in the USA there is no such clear demarcation of the roles of the ruling and Opposition party.

Or, the various coalitions, we find in the UK. There is the Liberal Democratic Party in the UK with a long history and pedigree of liberalist political tradition. In India, we had had some Left socialist parties in the beginning of our Republic. But now, they have gone and in their places are the very many regional parties, many smaller, splinter parties like JD(U) and JD(S) besides the left-over other small outfits, including the two Communist parties.

The Indian polity is also highly polarised after the emergence of the BJP. But our religious communalism is very different to the Islamic communalism, the extremist, violent and terrorist parties and groups. The point here is that while democracy is spreading everywhere, the spelling out of the basic core values of democratic practices are not yet fully made clear.

In fact, in our time, there are not enough clarity, no theoreticians have emerged or high profile critics have come forward to clearly define what are the next critical steps to deal with this worldwide crisis in the democratic systems and practices.

Russian democracy in crisis.
In Russia Mr. Vladimir Putin, the incumbent president is perceived to be authoritarian, war monger and also using intelligence to interfere with other democracies, in the USA, now in Turkey and even in France.

In India itself we see these various distortions making democracy and an open society highly corrupt, so many criminal cases pending before a delayed judicial system and also the media curbed and subtly terrorised and of course much false propaganda and brainwashing also noticed.

In  Russia, for instance, we see the suppression of democracy in a more brazen manner.
The Russian Opposition leader ,Alexei Navalny,(put Navalny picture here)who conducted some popular protests in Moscow and elsewhere, where his protests drew big crowds, he was arrested and handcuffed and his hand tied to the policeman guarding him in the court was highly publicised abroad and had earned Vladimir  really bad name!

So, this type of democratic government  can be also a big power in international arena.
There is no Opposition party in Russia, recognised in the constitution, we believe.

17 years as president?
blogVladimir Putin is in power for 17 years. Putin also changed his roles, first as president, then as prime Minister and then again reverted to President Office! But then Russian democracy is  hugely corrupt.

Only now, it seems the Russians are taking to the streets, to protest against corruption, the Opposition leader had faced three criminal trials in the past  six years. Charges for what? For organising protests! The Putin is criticised for spreading intrigue  abroad and not facing challenges at home.

There was an online video by Mr.Navalny accusing the number Two, Dimitry Medvedev, prime minister and one of Mr.Putin’s most loyal lieutenants, of a huge scheme of corruption that allegedly brought him to own large luxury estates and vineyeards.

There is a tradition of suppression of political rights of citizens. Even before the 1917 Communist Revolution. Even in the pre-revolutionary Tsarist Russia. There even now, the Russian citizens are also a bit politically apathetic. May be the authoritarianism practised under Putin.

72 per cent of those aged between 18 and 24 voted for the Russian military occupation of Crimea in 2914.Russia is not bothered about the world opinion on this blatant military  adventure. Are the Indian citizens politically more awakened than the Russian citizens? Better, we study this question in India.

Leading political parties in India must set up research wings  and study a comparative party systems and politics in some of the big nations, say, Russia, USA and China?
There will be many useful lessons for us.

So this is not a democracy as we know it. In India also we see many distortions. The Congress party, the historic party that won political freedom in the last 70 odd years, had progressively deteriorated  into a third rate family dynasty.

Sonia Gandhi’s incompetency is coming out, as she tries to hold her supporters together. Almost every day, some senior leader is deserting her or being “sacked”! What a leadership  she is displaying?

The ruling BJP  is becoming more and more aggressive and trying to consolidate its power of the party and government in many novel ways. The Opposition, especially, the Congress is being marginalised by several forces, a series of electoral defeats, the new corruption scandals linking Vadra and Gandhi family. Also, other senior leaders of the Congress are also drawn into the corruption scenario, thus making the attempt to forge Opposition unity impossible. As commentators have noted that Mr.Modi might find Rahul Gandhi, to retain him as long as possible, is the best bet for him to remain  as the only alternative before India.

Times are ominous. Indian democracy’s biggest challenges are here, right now!

Note: Excerpts from a forthcoming autobiography of Mr.V.Isvarmurti, M.A.Visva Bharati) M.A.(Oxon) former Member, Madras Legislative Council, formerly of the AICC, 1962-1967. Worked with Kamaraj, Atulya Ghosh, Sadiq Ali and others.

Celebrating Democracy?
Yes, but then is Indian democracy winning?
This year’s Nobel Prizes for Literature and Peace!
They are to vindicate democracy and democratic values in the modern times.

nobelSo, every country calling itself democracy or a modern nation has to ask some tough questions.In India we seem to take pride in our democracy.

Fine. But then how do we see our democracy?

Winning power through the General Elections, a herculean task by any standards is a success for us, for the citizens of India.
But then winning elections by use of big money, very much like that of the US election practices, have also led to easily undermine democrative values and practices.

Indian democracy on the one had seems winning. But then power is seen as brutal power, riding rough-shod over established institutions and why, even turning things upside down. This is seen happening in India.

Outside India Mr.Modi seems to have hit upon making a splash over the Indian disaspora, more so in the USA where the well-educated Indians are settled.

But will the outside world applaud all what Mr.Modi is doing to win friends and influence people?

In our opinion, here Mr.Modi is clearly short-sighted.You have to win the minds and souls of people, the intellectual and the elite classes everywhere would be only too sceptical about Mr.Modi’s roadshows, so to say.

Anyway, here are some thoughts for the elite and the general public alike.President of India, Pranab Mukerjee, has called for India sticking to India’s core values. What are India’s core values? This question had been asked many times and by many people. And answers to have been many depending upon who gives the answers.

If we are to take the present leaders of the ruling party, namely, BJP and more in particular the Prime Minister Mr.Narendra Modi, even here the answers tumble out of   unspecifid situations, events and even some emerging crises time to time, as it happens especially in politics.

Can we say that we are running a democracy, a well-defined one or one that can be interpreted as we like depending on the occasion. Take the Bihar election campaign. The Bihar campaign saw with star campaigners like Modi himself, besides the veterans like Lalu Prasad Yadav and Nitish Kumar.

In fact, it was the wordy duel between Modi and Lalu that saw new words, new coinages and in the hands of Lalu, no less with Modi, we saw all sorts of verbal battles. Election rhetoric a new high.

But in this word war, it is the truth that was the causality.
This year’s two Nobel Prizes, for Literature and for Peace asserted one   world reality.

The Literature Prize went clearly to the Belarus writer of journalism and literature that the Swedish Academy said the writer mapped the Soviet Soul and it mirrored her version of the exercise of authoritarian political power, first under the Soviet Union, later as an independent nation by the Belarus dictatorship. Ironically as we write these lines the Belarus Presidential elections are about to take place and as of now, as the Nobel write said the President of her country had not yet responded to the award and the President had not congratulated   his country’s now famed citizen!

Also, this year’s Nobel for Peace had gone to the Tunisian four civil society groups that had successfully participated in restoring democracy in Tunisia. This Tunisian achievement is of much greater significance when we see the 2010 Arab Spring protests in other Arab nations like Egypt in fact led to the reversal of democratic process and led to re-establishment of dictatorships.

So, there is a strong message in this year’s Nobel awards.
The world is changing; new nations like China, Japan and Turkey, among others, the citizens of these nations also went on to win the coveted Nobels.

Also, in the wider world there are also new developments. The democratic nations like the USA and other EU countries are almost silent on the IS crisis in Syria while the Russian President, Putin, is sending his missiles into Syria.

We have to remind ourselves that Russia is not a democracy we know it.

While India is also a democracy, the recent events, the Dadri massacre and other developments have led to much heart-burn and worry among the thinking sections of India.

In a significant development writers like the Nehruvian ideologue( I think we can call her so considering the huge contributions she had made)had returned her Sahitya Academic award and following her example other luminaries like the famed Hindi poet, Ashok Vajpei, one more Sahitya award winner and now latest Sashi Despande also had returned their awards.
Of course, there is still not any strong protest again Mr.Modi’s very many contradictory  behaviour.

We, Indians, are known for our character deficiencies. We usually don’t go against the current, rather we try to sail with the wind.

So, there is a question mark on the horizon. Is the Indian democracy on the progressive ascent? Or, is it on the descent? We are failing arrest from the standards we have learnt to be our own, our own Indian democratic standards.

Secularism, plurality, toelrance and the co-existence of dissent and debate. India has to  rise up in the comity of nations that we have something to contribute by way of new ideas and bold innovations to take the democratic values to a new high.

Unlike as we see  even in the USA, currently shown  as our role model to imitate, both by the reigning leaders of the two countries and also by the much-feted Indian disaspora.Mr.Narednra Modi might not be taken very seriously. His priorities are different from what the genuine Indian concerns are.

Or, unlike some of the American practices like lack of civility in the police administration, lax gun control and the latest  widely perceived  racial discrimination in admissions to the Ivy League universities and also in jobs in higher levels.

The point here is that America is no more a  destination for millions of Indians who dream of an American Dream.

At that distance, there looms a not so beautiful a dream. The ugly realities, it is time to take note of. It is the duty of Indian   thinkers to outline out own critical observations of America, American democratic values.

Compare and also contrast what strengths Indian  democratic institutions have and what needs to be  done here.

The time for submissive surrender to foreign intellectual manipulations, either from the USA or from other countries. India has been for long a colony. This colonial bondage still hangs heavy on the Indian minds.

My view is that to improve our democratic standards we need new ideas, bold ideas and these new ideas won’t come from the government alone. It often doesn’t take place. Ruling politicians, the political elite, seized as they are with their own frenzied enthusiasm, throw overboard even what little refinements we had practised so far.

Many institutions like, for instance, Lokayukta, are downgraded or weakened. There are so many such deviations.
Indian intellectuals speak out

So, intellectuals and experts, those committed to higher values, must stand up and speak out.

Let us draw inspirations from this year’s Nobel awards. India must become a mature society and our democracy a mature one.

Challenges of Democracy
Roles of ruling party and Opposition parties

jaswant-singhThe BJP has some vague socio-cultural ideology. It has no sound political ideology. Nor any historically relevant economic ideology. It is time we realise India itself now needs a very clearly stated contemporary ideologies.

We can’t see any one country. We are not China. Nor the USA. We can at least draw some lessons from the many regimes in the EU. There has been a trend toward some conservative social democracies, as in UK and Germany. Centrist politics, liberal private sector -led economic growth models seem relevant to India.

We have to think afresh. The Congress and the BJP shouldn’t fall into the trap of too much populism. Corruption and black money are the twin evils of irresponsible private capitalism. So, we need to think afresh in an objective manner.

Modi government after a year
The Independence Day came and went. Prime Minister Narendra Modi took off as soon as the festivities were over to the Gulf Region. It is the Prime Minister’s prerogative to do whatever he deems a priority and as such the Pm has lot of leverage over the direction of the country, the polity, economy, the very fabric of the Indian political system. Now, certain public perceptions and public opinion emerge as the days and months roll on.
After a year in power and after the many promises he made, from election campaign to Independence Day speeches, the public from certain judgements.

How far Mr.Modi has come from being a daring campaigner to a committed Prime Minister?

He has now faced certain resistance from the Opposition, the Congress plainly decided to obstruct the normal functioning of Parliament. Yes, the monsoon session was a washout.
How had been the Parliaments in the past? Yes, there were obstructions and there were floor managers, there were men like Pramod Mahajan and Kamalnath and governments did business.

Even now, there are indications that Opposition parties like the SP and BSP, why even some like the Trinamool and even the BJD, why even AIADMK and even the most wily of all, the DMK, a veteran in the game of political chess playing may prove to be a good game!

It is the real test of Mr.Modi in the days and months ahead to manage and get things done and face the next election, four years later. India is a democracy, why, a great democracy. We are admired abroad for the simple reason our democracy had survived and even prospered. Our Election Commission help is sought after in many countries, even the USA sought our help.

But then, this is the first time that a long-standing party like the Indian National Congress (INC) had been wiped out literally, a pathetic 44 MPs is no news at all. Now, as the major Opposition where does Rahul Gandhi, the designated heir would go?

The INC is simply forgetting the harsh realities. It is a large party but it has become a one-person party. Sonia seems to imagine she will be there for any long time she desires.
The party had forgotten its own time-table. When Rahul will be elevated? It looks it not so near or so easy.

The seniors who had made an appearance dot want Sonia to go. Their own future is at stake. Once you had learnt to live in New Delhi, the Lutyan’s bungalows, you are unlikely willing on your own volition to vacate the place!

So, where would the senior go? They won’t go to their constituencies, they won’t bite the Kamaraj Plan and so they would like to stay where they are now. That means the same old faces, the jaded faces at that would continue to crowd the AICC headquarters?
No one has an answer. Nor the party seems to realise it doesn’t exist in most major states!
Unless you build the party in the states, you have no future.

But who cares now?

I spoke to some seniors and even juniors and no one wants o speak. Neither Sonia nor Rahul are in a mood to do any hard work. So, in my opinion, the Sonia-Rahul ‘hat-trick’, the disruption is not just a trick, it is also a strategy which paid off handsomely.
As for the hard work, only the time can tell.

As for Mr.Modi, I feel that the BJP as a party and as a government need to do its homework seriously. Mr.Modi must have a real political and economic ideology. As for economics he has some good experts, the two economic experts are top class and they could give Mr.Modi really some strong inputs.

You can’t have faster economic growth without investments and this requires the role of private capitalism. Mr.Modi may be corporate friendly but then he must have a vision. The Indian corporate under the previous regime brought down the reputation of both the government and themselves.

This brings us to the role of governance. Unless you realise that unless you have a sound political ideology you are likely to trip at every moment.

From Hindutva in the back of your mind, you trip on education, higher education, culture, social spheres like rights of minorities and rights of others. Human rights, freedom of expression, press and media and the very fabric of a modern society are put to risk.
There are a range of issues of serious political implications, from electoral reforms to electoral funding, reform of the political parties (which are not mentioned in the Constitution) to reform of the EC itself.

The other important aspect of the polity is the role of an independent judiciary on which the Modi government is grappling with at the months.

All these call for constitutional reforms. Political ideology is all about vision, broad picture as well as small details like the freedom of the various institutions, old and new.RTI is the latest contentious issue. LokAyukta, Lok Pal is also part of this debate, namely, the new definition of a new political ideology for India.

There is a sense of revenge taking. All top minds are replaced and very lower categories are elevated. This already ranges from Censor Board to FTII and many other cultural bodies.

This hits upon the idea of India and this leads to ruptures. What about the headless institutions, too many to list here. So, without a strong ideology of the economic growth, ideology of the political beliefs you will be left with only catchy slogans and sometimes empty ones!

In economic sphere, there is the unstated role of capitalism. The history of capitalism is an old issue. We shy away from discussing capitalism. It is time we face the issues squarely. Crony capitalism will crop up. Unless we take clear steps to define the cosy nature of the corporate with the present government. This doesn’t mean the previous one was all puritanic. A fresh discussion and debate would do lot of good for all the parts concerned.
Democracy calls for periodic elections, parties need funds and funds can come only from the big corporates. If not the level of transparency in disclosing sources of election funds, as they do in the USA (where we saw the utter candour and commitment shown by Jeb Bush in disclosing his election funding) we see in India there is almost a conspiracy of silence from all stakeholders, all the parties seem to demonstrate a penchant for hedges and misses!

It is time we clean up. Mr.Modi will be surely watched carefully on this front. The second Independence Day speech of the Pm sounded like that. Not even a word about his foreign policy on which has done some decent progress.

Also, in economics he must spell out his corruption-free private capitalism’s role. Black money is itself a huge challenge. Of course, some scams, like the two ministers, one chief minister all require careful handling.

Democracy demands some gestures and rituals. Now, there is some tension in the ranks. A cabinet reshuffle, now and then one way to go about. May be Mr.Modi may learn his ways.
He has demonstrated will and resolve that is in sharp contrast with his predecessor.

One more last point. Mr.Modi has to face the media. Twitter alone is not the way for a Prime Minister of India. He also needs some spin doctors.

Image itself is tricky. You have to have substance too. We wish the Prime Minister well.