You see that Chhattisgarh state along with four others is in the midst of an important Assembly elections and the outcome would decide the fate of the parties in the crucial 2019 Lok Sabha general elections. The political parties, in particular, the BJP and the Congress, are doing everything, from  rhetoric to below the belly attacks  against each other and as for the other parties, the allies and the others too are caught in cross fires, considering the fast changing alliances, defections and bargaining’s and much more.

North-East-Elections-2018-35B-770x433Where does this bizarre scenario leaves the voters, more so the rural voters, mostly farmers and other artisan classes in most of these rural pockets of India. Agriculture in India at present is in deep crisis and no one seems to have any clear vision or policy deliberations.

At the end of the day, Mr.Rahul Gandhi too with all his high decibel campaigns across the states seems to have no other alternative except to promise farm loan waivers.

Is farm loan waiver really possible on such large scale? Even in Karnataka where the Congress and the JD (U) formed alliance and the government Mr.Kumarasamy, the Chief Minister is struggling to fulfil his promises to waive the farm loans.

The very few farmers who were promises the farm loan waiver certificates are yet to receive them and once they receive them we are not sure where these happy or hapless souls would leave them as for their next crop season.

Surely, the farmers who get such farm loan waivers won’t get invited by the banks to have one more chance to borrow, even if the borrowing is for genuine farming needs.

Go everywhere in rural India, into the rural interiors and talk to a rural bank branch manager whether his  bank would lend to farming, you are very likely  to have an evasive answer.

Even if any bank lends it is very likely to get  the property document of the farmers and very likely that option too would be most like cut for it is very likely that the farmers might have already pledged the documents and they would be over-lend and heavily in debt, not to one bank, many branches in  the neighbourhood.

To cut the story short, it is really a tough task to revive agricultural activity based on the rains or on the market conditions for farming.

Indian agriculture has to undergo a very radical and controversial change from abolishing the many land legislations, the NITI organisation, the government planning unit has already published its version of a model tenancy land legislation to replace the many other similar but anti-land-owning farmers letting out their lands for tenancy farming.

Of course, everyone in the field knows well why politicians hesitate to talk about this side of the story.

We have created an environment of humbug that is against farming on market conditions. So, there is an accumulated heavy debt in rural households and an average Indian farmer is basically debtor, a litigant or a court bird. The heavy accumulation of land related court cases in the various court of India is one of the large components of the pending cases in the courts.

Once you get into litigation then you are almost finished, no hope of getting any relief, let alone any compensation for the first stake of letting out your precious landed property.

That is why you see no new investments in the farming sector. We are of course referring to the small and medium sized farms.
The rich, as they are already have had their many escape routes and the rich can afford to crush and bend to their will any troubles in owning rural landed property.

From point onwards starts your other problems. So, the rural distress is basically an outcome of the accumulated past sins and lack of any action on the part of almost all the state government.

And now, the Naxalite threats to work towards their own version of utopia. Naxalites are a disparate group. There are the tribal regions in which only the current threat has taken all shapes of insurgency. We now read that the current leadership of the various Naxal groups are divided among different leaders, some strong and the others not so strong but strong in conviction and determination to hand on.

The first phase of the first 18 constituencies in the Maoist-dominated areas of Chhattisgarh triggered a series of improvised explosive devices and l killing one Sub-Inspector and injuring others and thus they, the Maoists, have demonstrated they are still a force to reckon
with. However, given the latest reports that the poor tribeswomen and the aged had come out in the open and voted and the polling is over even 70% shows that the Maoists can’t fight the State in the long run. What is likely is that in the short-run   the Naxalite groups have some fire power but it is likely to become weaker and weaker in the future.

Naxalism as everyone knows is an anarchic group. We have had the past history of anarchism in Europe and it is an ideology that wants the State to wither away!

Possible? Not at all. But what should worry the public is the urban Naxals! These people, the ones under house arrest  have opened a Pandora’s Box! It is anybody’s guess where these so-called urban Naxals will lead us to or when they would reach their destination.
The urban intellectuals who also proclaim their affiliations, let us hope, would end up as hopelessly frustrated one day, sooner this is like to happen, given their back grounds as middle class theoreticians and writers of theatres and novels or simple radical columnists.
Agriculture is deeply in the current crisis. Unless agriculture is revived and rural prosperity is ensured there would be crisis and discomfort in the rural scenario.

Of course, agriculture too can’t be revived so easily. Agriculture’s priorities are so different that in an ideal situation agriculture must get more social recognition and there must be a great share of the budget for this critical food segment.

A looming food crisis is predicted for the future of the world. There are issues within larger issues and so we have to create a widely shared public opinion as to the place of agriculture and food industry to share the resources in any enlightened agricultural and rural development policies.

Prime Minister, Narendra Modi, unveiled   a 60-feet tall statue of a great Jat leader, Sir Chotu Ram, and spoken high of the pre-Independence day leader of farmers.

sir_chhotu_ram_statueSir Chotu Ram had mobilised the people, peasants, to emerge as beneficiaries of many development projects, the Bhakra Nagal dam in particular that made Punjab and Haryana as frontline agricultural states.

Of course, the PM also said on the occasion that the government raised the MSP twice and this showed his government’s concern for farmer’s welfare. No doubt about that. You see agriculture is a very basic industry; it touches the lives of people at many levels. The non-farmers, the poor and the weaker sections, in the villages in particular are dependent upon agriculture for their livelihood, for various reasons.

And remember, agriculture is Indian economy’s backbone. All this and much more we all know, those of us who live in the cities and also those who managed to live in Delhi and run the government, both the political netas as well as the bureaucratic machine.

There was a time when the agricultural leaders went to Delhi; they were treated in a condescending manner. But days seem to have hanged, these days farmers’ marches to Delhi have frequented much more and they, the farmers and their leaders have also become a frustrated lot and they no more believe any of the government assurances. So, they learnt to march towards the PM’s residence itself!

And also much more to the good side of the government  that the  second  time rise in the MSP was announced on the eve of the farmers pledging to march further from Ghaziabad  towards the Lyton’s zone and hence before dawn the government announced the MSP rise and bought peace!

So, the days are changing for the farming community. Also, the farm scene is also changing faster. The urbanisation, the migration to cities, the migrant labour from UP and Bihar to states like Gujarat saw recently an exodus and likewise, there are likely to be new types of state level resistance to outside labour.

Or, there can be utterly unexpected acceptance and even open demand for labour from other states. In sum, the Indian agriculture is likely to become modernised, let us hope so, new technologies have already penetrated the Indian agricultural scene. Everyday new machines, new tools for various agriculture functions are entering the sector and also agriculture in some pockets in each state are  suited to year-round farming, specially the vegetables and fruits and also agri incomes are becoming regular.

Yet, it is a sad feature even now there are tragedies and farmers suicides take place even in some rich parts like the sugarcane belt of Mandya in Karnataka for instance and of course there is the unending news of former’s suicides in Maharashtra and even in the PM’s backyard, Gujarat!

So, these developments, signs of prosperity on the one side and sign of tragedy on the other side characterises the Indian agriculture. And also, one more point here we want to highlight.

The choice of ministers for the agri portfolio. Any agriculture minister of India and his deputies must be seen as travelling ministers. They must be seen in all the states. Unfortunately, while Mr.Modi is energetic and active, the same can’t be said about some of his colleagues.Many are unsuited to the portfolios they hold right now, even after four and half years of the present regime.

We don’t want to name them, nor the portfolios; in particular, the agri ministers are not senas active and hey say many things that are not sympathetic to the farmer’s causes. Farm debt is notoriously difficult to tackle. This requires a genius, if not a more gifted individual or individuals.

The BJP government is seen as a party with a paucity of talents. If we can say so, it is not a sin if we seek a competent person even from outside the party. Next to farm debts, is the litigation sin of the farming community? Our various land legislations, tenacy, land ceiling laws etc are now seen as totally outdated and proving to be the hell for progressive farmers, farmer investors.

Do, we welcome the model land reform legislation laws as propounded by the NITI AAYOG and we would urge the PM to give a go-by to give legislative shape even before the 2019 elections.

Let the PM enter into a village, one in the North and one in the South and personally test for himself what we say here. We need liberalisation of the land reform laws. Some we can write-ff. Who wants to live in the village and undergo all the negative features of village life?

If any young man leaves his village and travels to Bangalore for instance, he or she can earn a very decent income, for sure. So too the other youngsters from the North East we see in other states. They can be seen even in remote places, in the wayside hotels as service hands. They all seem to be happy. So, we can draw a policy towards enabling the interstate labour migration. For instance, the Odisha government has constructed an Odisha House in Bangalore to help students and youngsters from   the state. Similar state houses can be built so that there can be easy interstate migration and also the solution to unemployment and easy migration.

For an energetic agri minister or officials there are unlimited work at the Krishi Bhavan!

Let us energise the agri sector with new enthusiasm. Minister, please move out of your comfort zones in the capital!

Yes, there are some radical new departures!

NitiOne critical area is agriculture where the outdated old style repressive tenancy laws had hindered agri potential. NITI Aayog is now the only fresh feature of the Modi regime’s innovation, a think-tank with some of the bright minds working there. We can name names, some of them very bright, some very open-minded. We congratulate them.

This basic truth is held back from open mention for fear of being labelled as anti-progressive and anti left. Even such learned experts like Prof.Amartya Sen had failed to say openly why his own beloved state of Bengal had turned into a backward economy and social sector. If you travel from Kolkata to Santiniketan, Prof.Sen’s own place, you would be so shocked that all through the 100 and odd miles of drive there is not one decent tea shop, let alone other facilities to realise that you are on the way to modern day hell!

Yes, why even after so many of his years on this route that Sen laments on the fall of CPI (M), not on others, for the present state of affairs in Bengal. Prof.Sen is known supporter of the Left-front government who for the past 35 odd years had taken such a resources-endowed state into the darkness and degeneration.

Why even in education and health Bengal is so appallingly a state that you can see masses of Bengali patients waiting outside the Apollo hospital in Chennai!

The horror-filled stories of mass deaths of new-children in Kolkata hospitals are still afresh in memory. For having spent years in Bengal, in Santiniketan we write with firsthand experience.

Now, the newly created NITI Aayog, the redesigned of the old style Planning Commission is an ego trip or really fulfilling its new promises?

We have only a sketchy idea of really what the new agency has done. We saw the debate between Prof.Sen and the Aayog chairman, Rajiv Kumar  titled: ‘Challenge thrown: prove it: challenge accepted’.

Yes, Kumar cited enough evidence to show that India has done well in terms of the many promises made by the Modi government and yet, with all his innate skills for argument, proved that when compared with India’s neighbours on similar growth path, India has still to catch up with Bangladesh, Sri Lanka and other countries in terms of infant mortality etc.

Debate apart, we at the agri media are really surprised to go through the new model legislation on tenancy reform.

We are not sure how far the model legislation drawn up by the planning agency is really a radical departure from the dogmatic Left oriented tenancy protection act that did protect the lazy and the anti-social elements but that didn’t lead to any inch of productivity in farming operations nor the old style so-called progressive legislations lead to farming into a thriving business.

The point here is that NITI Aayog had done a pioneering service by radically recasting the legislation in a far manner to make the farming, first of al viable. Pay a rent and do the farming. If you can’t do farming please leave the farming for others who might be taking over the job.

New investments in farming calls for incentives to invest in such risky areas like farming. One way to encourage youth to remain in the villages is to encourage entrepreneurship and only by making land holding easy of complex and complicated maze of land legislations in various states in one key obstacle for viable farming enterprises.

We had featured the model land legislation in some of our recent issues.

Thereby, second, you would make the land productive. It won’t be lying fallow as it is happening in many places. In TN also there is this regressive land laws that helped the highly corrupt Dravidian parties to let is strongmen, the goondas to land grab as a highly profitable politics!

In neighbouring Karnataka too the land legislation since the days of Devaraj Urs reduced farmers into paupers.

There must also be a vision for progressive consolidation of land holdings, now it is the further divisions of land holding, so unviable and no politicians worth their salt to come out openly and say what was ailing the land-owing class.

There are one or two minor issues. The very naming of the agency, as in many other similar cases is very misleading. Too many acronyms-infested schemes are too confusing and too misleading.

After all the Planning Commission idea came from the Soviet Union and even now in the China development debate, there is the Planning
Commission, setting agendas and targets.

If handled deftly, the idea is still relevant and   we need not be come so dogmatic in the current era of open societies. The Atal innovation labs are welcome and so too the new other names like Monitoring and Evaluation Office. Of course there are other improvements. The old, scandal -ridden Medical Council is replaced. Changes are inevitable and changes are always welcome.

Photo source  – livemint.com

Ruling and Opposition parties!
To disagree, discuss and debate controversies is the very nature of democratic practices!
Ethical politics is the very core of a democratic society!

pMThe 2019 elections must be based on transparent issues. Issues like large scale corruption in public life. Political parties election funding must be transparent. Based on some of the latest pending issues of electoral reforms. Anybody listening to the Chief Election Commissioner’s suggestions?

And the ruling party and the Opposition parties. They are equally responsible for combating corruption at many levels. The perceived revenge politics must end.

Not one is holder than thou! You can’t claim monopoly over all political virtues. And dump all vices on the Opposition ranks! Give up amoral approach to election win!

Others too discard claims of family dynasty monopoly of polytonality.  In India we have a hypocritical attitude when it comes to practice of the public morality! We have to combat hunger; there are pockets of hunger and deprivation even inside India.

Of course climate change has done lot of damage to the environment and rainfall patterns. Events in India is recent times have fully proved this. The unprecedented floods in Kerala and neighbouring Karnataka’s Kodagu besides also drought in many taluks in the same state proves that agriculture in particular is prone to many uncertainties. The State of Food Security and Nutrition in the World estimates that in 2017he world population was undernourished. This translates to 821 million people, which is at the same level as that in 2010.Countries in South America and Africa have largely contributed to this increase.

Now, the immediate question is how India and its neighbours have performed?

Yes, there is a good report on the progress in reducing the hunger in the countries of Nepal and Sri Lanka while in India and China there is an overall improvement. But specifically, that one in five undernourished person is in India. Also, India’s other neighbours; Pakistan Afghanistan and Bangladesh are also vulnerable. Agriculture is no more seen as just a food supply segment. It is also a source of many other non-food but food-related issues like health indicators. For instance, India is seen as a country of severe stunting due to malnutrition, India having a severe 38.4 high severity of malnutrition by prevalence in fewer than 5% of population.

This is only one aspect of the agriculture &food production issues. There is many other aspects of rural life. There has been a rise in the number of farmer’s agitations owing to the unsettled and unsatisfactory issues like fostering agri sector. As Devinder Sharma, the veteran farm commentator’s notes in a recent column that according to the National Crime Records Bureau (NCRB) farmer’s agitations doubled in two years! To 4,837 in 2016 up from 2,683 a year earlier. Though also there is a publicity blitz in the TV channels about the many new schemes like Pradhan Mantri Annadatta Aay Sanrakshan Abiyan (PMAASHA) and some other schemes the farmers are not a happy lot. The reasons are too obvious to narrate here.

The crop loan waiver is passed and yet the farmers are not getting remunerative support prices.

And also we need some refreshing and innovative real funding scheme like that in Telangana where farmers is paid a cash component so that at least the farmers see some real cash in their hands. You see the Union agri minister is nowhere to be seen in any of the states where farmers are in distress. Nor we see some of the institutions like the Agriculture Insurance Corporation are not functioning.

Just now the government is simply hell-bent (of course, we can also say, why not?)On winning the 2019 general elections and any government in a ruling position can turn and twist the policies and the media being what it is it is anybody’s guess what the government would be doing in the next six months before the next crucial elections.

The latest HDI ranking shows that India is doing fine, with all its many other considerations and India is now at the 130th rank. There have been many improvements in life expectancy, health indices and also other aspects. But the critical question is the rising inequality. This means that the latest improvements in our economic performance and also the economic gains have gone t0 the upper bracket. We are sure the Prime Minister and his colleagues at the Neet Aayog might have briefed the PM and it must be ranking in him when he talks with some bravado as to what he promises all along.

You see rising economic inequality is an old issues, whenever there is economic growth it comes accompanied by the rise in inequalities and inequities too.

Surely the PM must constitute a high power committee with the best economists on hand as to what critical new policy changes needed to arrest this dangerous economic trend.

The rightwing political ideologies all over the world, at all times have s similar response to inequalities and we can surely devise many preventive measures.

There are still many restrictive policies on the statute books, restrictive labour laws, tenancy laws and also land ceiling laws that restricts the dynamism in the economy, in the countryside to invest and take new initiatives so that agriculture becomes a profitable profession. Though professional experts might not mention the most inconvenient truths from the governments of the day, it is our duty; we feel to point out to one or two anomalies. Politics plays a role too. That is unethical politics of election funding and election-fighting.

There has to be some new restrictions in election funds rising. The Chief Election Commissioner has pointed out recently that many restrictions to stop the brazen entry and display of vulgar money by bribing the vulnerable voters sections.

Things have gone far that no criminal candidate can be debarred by the EC and also many other disabilities in the existing frame of the rules.
There are many unethical practices by the inaction of the government to speed up setting the 12 odd special courts to try the offending MLAs and MPs.

The Opposition parties must add these promises in their election manifestos.

All these are important. Simply a sort of revenge politics at the time of any elections doesn’t take any political party or parties far enough to make India a just and fair place for citizens.

Rahul Gandhi called on his colleagues to get a ‘sense of the voters’. This is the sense of voters, as on date!

Everybody’s hands must seem clean!

Let us hope socially conscious media values get due recognition!

hariToday, standards in public life are declining. We can see even the once-much rated Parliament proceedings are falling in substance and gravitas. Many major bills, why, even the budget is passed without debates and serious deliberations. There are many other things like foreign funds to the political parties are passed, almost in the midst of din and disruptions and everyone feels elated that all political parties stand to share the infamy and the funds received by fair and  foul means gets okay within a minute, as if no one noticed what was happening.

Now, the media.

There is a prevailing fear and a sense of threat to the lives of the journalists. Two or more journalists in the TV news industry had resigned or thrown out of employment for reasons everyone knows.

Now, comes the latest news. That the Prime Minister Mr.Narendra Modi’s rather “unparliamentarily language” was deleted from the proceedings of the Rajya Sabha. That in itself is a major victory for the Parliament’s dignity and  weight. So, there are now mixed signals for  the state of the press, media and free debate.

In this environment that Mr.Harivansh, a veteran Socialist   editor and journalist who was close the late Jayaprakash Narayan and also to the other veteran ,the late Prime Minister Mr. Chandra Shekhar has been elected from the JD(U) to the high position of the Deputy Chairman of the Rajya Sabha.

Let us hope and even urge the veteran to see the media industry and its vast growth and also some distortions that had crept in Vadamalai Media wishes the new Deputy Chairman all success from a section of the media landscape that we occupy in the much undervalued agriculture and the rural media front.

A Progressive media man at the helm of the Rajya Sabha Rajya Sabha now has a new Deputy Chairman, namely, the JD(U)Mp Harivansh, a non-Congress man, a Socialist in the mould of Jayaprakash Narayan and  Chandra Shekhar, the former Prime Minister. This is  a happy news for various reasons.

One, the Prime Minister took a different decision this time, he gave up the post to a non-BJP candidate. And that to Mr.Nitish Kumar’s party and also to a candidate who carries lots of credibility and also stature to a post that was always seen as a prerogative of the Congress party.

Of course, the media screamed as if the heavens had fallen and the Congress under Rahul Gandhi once again lost and the BJP won in a very convincing manner. Nothing of the sorts happened. The Congress  was of course was marked by dithering, there was much slowness and there were divided loyalties in the Congress ranks.

In fact, this was seen as a diminishing  capabilities of Sonia Gandhi who, without any serious introspection, is going on with her past mistaken path.  The Congress party is carrying even now a heavy baggage of old hands, all the tired faces are retained by  Sonia Gandhi, no other younger and newer faces are seen at play.

Why not Rahul Gandhi or his young lieutenants take the initiative to contact Mr.Naveen Patnaik or Shiva Sena or why not Mr.Sharad Pawar didn’t speak to Sonia and field a Maratha candidate so that the Shiva Sena can be brought around?

As observers have noted that the Congress this time could have won this seat and only if they had not acted in their past manner. We are sorry to note that the Congress heavyweights of today are split persons, their minds are not there is their task, they are part time politicians and part time earners in their respective professions. Of course, the Congress party  found learn to think in radical lines, please drop the obsessions with dynasty. The fruits of labour wont come so easily as in the past.

Now, the point we want to highlight is that Mr. Harinash  must do everything in his domain top bring credibility to the free press and free media in the time of so much anxiety from his own brood. Free press is at stake.

Yes, Indian press and media is fairly free when we compares around the world. And, luckily, India doesn’t suffer any odium of pressmen arrested and put in prison etc. a plight we see in many other parts of world. That means Indian democracy is fairly tolerant for dissent and criticism. But lately, there is some disturbing trend.

Some journalists from the TV segment have lost their jobs and also the censorship is visible. Of course, it is not the domain of the Rajya Sabha Deputy Chairman to reform the media industry.

Yet, considering the prestige of the office into which Harivansh is trusted he can  really play some role.