Let us liberalise the private sector in school education to create new types of secondary education that gives Indian school’s system to promote more quality schools!

school-student-759Yes, this is how the senior most and much-respected civil servant, Rahul Khullar describes the Schools scenario in New Delhi. He has in effect pleaded for allowing the high-fee charging rather publicly perceived glamorous schools, most call themselves as public schools even in a low cost Karol Bagh lane(!) and also by now other new fancy names and titles like International public schools etc. The point here is that Delhi’s so-called ”Public Schools” are no more public and it is like the American Public schools that are not government schools either.

The crux here is that Delhi’s so-called elite community is enamored by its own hierarchy; the wards of senior civil servants and the rich and not so often well-informed but by going by what the New Delhi power-elite imagines as glamorous and also high society, try to sneak into some selective schools, if some old fashioned name carries more weight, it carries more attractive a pull.

Hidden in the debate is the place of English medium, more pretence is given to the English medium by the concerned school or schools command. So, the school education medium is the most critical question. The scantiest attention to the medium is more controversial.

The Aam Aadmi party that rules Delhi has its own rather unarticulated whims and fancies about the school curriculum. This we are not sure and no one raises such sensitive questions. Let us say the Delhi schools ,whoever wants to teach in English medium and then the pleas and counter pleas for raising the  school fees can do so and get away from any regulations whatever.  Unfortunately, the government schools that implement the Seventh Pay Commission teachers’ salaries are lucky for the obvious reason that they can teach in whatever fashion they want, being government schools and it is the private schools that have the burden to retain their brand value and also pay well.

With a great deal of personal knowledge about how even the famous British established Public Schools perform in final exams, it is simply a dilemma for the really committed and genuine well-run schools to pay well and retain talents. So, there can’t be a rational solution to run a good secondary school these days. We have to draw an enlightened education policy, recognize genuine quality and some national ideals and declare that the good quality Public Schools enjoy some real freedom and not mere verbal autonomy, give a clear recognition, under some conditions some more autonomy to charge a publicly known high fee structure and so like the British Public Schools (for instance the famous Eton Public College in England now charges nearly 40 thousand Pounds a year!)But it is the brand value that matters here! So, long as some schools enjoy this sort of brand value somehow the money the schools can charge and get away. Facilities like a very good sports infrastructure of the Olympic level, such extracurricular activities and facilities like Horse Riding tracks etc. can be introduced into International level public schools in India.

Apart from all other government considerations, we have to revive and revitalize the Indian Public Schools Conference and make a genuine public debate about the need to run international level secondary schools! You see that India has some peculiar history of education. Coming of Independence gives us a great responsibility to reform Indian education, keeping in mind our own ethos and transformation of Indian political and socio-economic realities. Sorry to say so but the gross reality is that we can’t create an artificial society and political culture in the name of democracy and social equality. We need new ideas and creative thinkers.

To some extent we have to create an open society and this means much tolerance of the ground level realities. We have instances of those powerful bureaucrats, why the Central government ministers through their children in highly reputed private schools because of the schools’ prestige in society. One HRD minister, for instance, called Headmistress from the South all the way to New Delhi. Once this school head saw the minister, the minister said to give a seat at her school! So, our point here is to allow new types of schools, yes, expensive ones can also be allowed so that what we have said about the British style Public Schools too can thrive and we can create special scholarships for bright pupils to benefit by such schools of excellence.

Media industry doesn’t serve the vulnerable sections!
Let alone farmers and the rural people!

eight_col_micfreeThere is now a new media revolution, so much use of, so-called social media has changed the way people use the media industry consumption.
The 2014 general elections saw the rise and use of social media and let us give the Modi campaigns from the very beginning for the deployment of this powerful tool.

Now, there is a real revolution going on in the communications tool. In the use and misuse of media power the governments and the industry also play roles in educating the people. Unfortunately, just the reverse is also happening.  In a democratic society the ruling party, its leader, why its many tools like the concerned ministry with its own divisions like the Ministry of Information and Broadcasting, Prasar Bharathi, play their roles.

But lately, the world over it is the private channels that set the tone and temper of the public service broadcasting services. Yes, there are still some channels like BBC and even   the Qatar-based channel that do a great public service.

We can’t say the same thing about the news media and the broadcasting services. In the USA no one, it seems, to believe the private TV channels.

There is so much competition that in order to capture the share most of the services deteriorated into sheer false propaganda. So too the fake news industry!

So, we seem to live in a chaotic world, the so-called cultural tastes of each major country seem to differ variously. One more late development, especially in India is the monopoly of news channels by big capitalist industrialists.

Why in state like TN we see the media monopoly stretching beyond reasonable limits. One channel established by a cinema-cum political party had created almost a monster. The entire society is corrupt by 27/7 entertainment, TV serials. Coupled with this lowest common denominator rule, the visual media today, in our considered opinion, the standards of communication is highly corrupt.

Indian democracy is not well-served and vulnerable sections excluded!
Today we live at the centre of a democratic revolution. 200 years ago the world population was in around 1750less than one billion people. Urban population   in 1850 was almost miniscule. Today, urban population alone is growing faster and is at 4.5 billion! Damming of rivers, 24 thousands of dams in existence. Fertiliser consumption was almost nil in the 1850s.Today it is more than 300million tonnes of nutrients. In 1750sspecies extinction was almost unknown.50 thousands have taken place. Atmosphere ozone depletion even in the 1950s, it was unheard of sixty thousand columns of ozone.

These are some of the destructive impacts made by atmospheric pollution. Today, cities like New Delhi have become unliveable and the citizens and also the government don’t know what to do to save the world and, nay, planet. In this world that is getting hot every day, the temperature hitting up every day, there are dire predictions of natural disasters, psunamis, earth quakes and vanishing lakes and rise in sea levels and what have you. Its more than6 billion people! Around 1900 the use of fresh water, some 50Kilo million pear. Today, the demand for fresh water nearly 400 kilo.

Who can explain and educate the world?

It is the very governments that must play decisive roles.
But see how the big powers are doing things.
What about India’s roles and the media?

In 1985 there was no mobile phone! Today? In 2000 there were 800 mobile phones! And about one billion internet users! The  incumbent PM and his predecessor, never for once met the people face to face and conducted the press conference as did Pandit Jawaharlal Nehru!

Mr.Modi conducted, as per reports, only five preconference and the latest one for nearly 90minutes he almost answered his own questions! It was a well prepared much in advance and the interviewer never put a counter question and challenged the PM!

As many editorials questioned, this was no press conference and the much hyped Editor’s Guild took exception for Rahul Gandhi’s criticism but not the interviewer!

With such ignorant bliss, we the people have no option but to lie low. For how long we don’t know!

Quantity, commercialisation and sheer money drives growth,also greedy money-seekers!

Education Policy making is in Limbo! Higher education or any other stage of education is highly profitable! There is a very short introduction to education,universities and colleges before me.

college-student-1522046517Great names have been here for ages.Yes,even if we leave out the old names, honorary names, Plato’s Academy, Aristotle’s Lyceum and also the legendary Alexandria Library,we have universities in modern times, from Bologna(1088)to Oxford (and surprisingly, with due pardon, my own Oxford College (New College)1379!). So, universities are as old as we can look for.

But today with millions of students, from China and India alone, many millions, in total, over 150 million in over 17,000 institutions; twenty million in over 4,000 universities in the USA alone makes for a huge number.In fact, today mass university education is what we should call as higher education. And as for India,there are states like Tamil Nadu where an equal number of colleges, engineering and other technical colleges which charge what is allied capitation fee colleges!

In some of these states now private education is big business.And surprisingly too, the big education businessmen are rated higher than even the incumbent government ministers! Some of them, we are sorry to say so, are also the most ill-suited one, some plain illiterates and bad men of society! But what to do?Society and politics are changing fast in these new states, Tamil Nadu,you have some bizarre scenes.The founders of these self-financing,capitation fee-seeking universities,please note these are universities,some of the founders may not know many of the critical information we like to convey here.They don’t care!They are yet men with lot of clout.

Twenty first century colleges and universities

Some of the founders of the new twenty first century universities were once cinemas actors, of course as villains or side actors or simply musclemen to heroes and others have still more shady  backgrounds!What to do?Simply bear with them.Why?Even one or two have started political parties and sure they would soon plunge into politics!So,you have to please them at one point or the other. It is money, big money and black money that is going to decide politics till such time; let us hope,that politics would become more cleaner than what it is today.You see it is democracy and democracy forbids your freedom for free expression and also your right to speak freely!

So, education today is many things to many people.It is not surely, a search for knowledge for knowledge’s sake! So, we have a stage in our own evolution as a nation when we have to put up with so much nonsense as knowledge.If you drive through one major road in Tamil Nadu interior,the very length is paved with huge buildings, all schools or colleges,one college is also reputed to have got the largest number of women’s colleges. In this age of gender equality you have to be careful not to offend any sections’ sentiments. Also, this is the age in India of highly sensitive quota politics! Also, in tune with the changing times,we have to consider the many new Acts,the very important Right to Education Act is the one new beneficial law which requires every eligible student to be admitted into schools! This is a very critical legislation  where you can’t deny admission to schools in their own neighborhood.

All the accumulated socio-economic and cultural inequities have created layers and layers of injustice,in the name of castes and economic inequities and only by sheer democratic state politics and polices only we can redress the modern equities and correct the age of customs too.Today as we write, we read that there are now more ‘out of school children’ than we imagined with the new legislations in place. Also, there are young girls driven to human trafficking, under the immoral trafficking acts,including the Devadasi system against which laws have been passed but not implemented, we read in the states of Karnataka and Goa!

So,for Indians,more so Indian education policy makers,there are issues and more issues than what we choose to read books and researches written and published in UK and USA!

We in the Journal of Education,are of the strong view that our education policy making is caught in a limbo!Democracy throws up the most incompetent and unqualified!May be it is the price  we have to pay for living in such times of mass awakening!

The long-term is clear, not the short term!

IAThe 119 billionaires in India saw the rise of their wealth rising at Rs.200 crore a day! While  13.6 crore Indians who make up the bottom 10 per cent, have continued to languish in debts, continue to languish so since 2004.

Readers and conscience keepers can deduce the lessons for the future of the country’s economic ideology!
Please think of the farmers, the villagers!

This is the starting point for anyone who wants to think and understand the complex issues of agrarian distress!

Agriculture’s future: It looks there is a collective failure on the part of the Indian people that we have failed as a nation to have some optimism and confidence on the future of our country. That is reflected in the current disenchantment and despair about the so-called rural distress. Also called the agrarian distress. The rural India is no more in distress by the daily economic and business newspapers and advertisements. Take even the otherwise subdued auto sales, both cars and bikes.

The rural purchasing power is on the upswing if we are to believe the reports from such big consumer giants like the Hindustan Lever or even from the telecom companies. The sales of mobile phones remain steady and the high end phones even the Apple sales seem not diminished but on the rise, though in a subdued manner. If you look at the country’s geographical and other urban landscape, it is now seen that, as one columnist notes on the changing face of India, both rural and urban India, the 1990’s, now sees the rise of a number of new cities or expansion of the existed cities by the new urban habitations. This is what is called the millennial Urban India.

There is a real steady rise in the number of the 35 million-plus cities have boomed to almost the double the size, the 35 million cities today, as per the estimate in the said column is 53 cities in 2011 and likely to zoom to 75 cities in 2021.We need not expand further the current urbanisation rate and the real estate growth also would confirm that there is a steady growth in urban and also rural India.

If anything, the villages today are getting depleted by working age population and the migrate rates for every state, from UP, Bihar and Odisha to other states, a steady outward migration internally, not to speak of the educated number migrating abroad.

So, the point here is that there is a growth paradigm both in the rural hinterland to the big urban and expanding cities like Bangalore which is exploding at the edges. So, the so-called rural distress and the agrarian distress have to be newly redefined and better perception of the rural distress have to be articulated. Now, as for the agriculture scene, one is likely to be disappointed for the sheer neglect or lack of proper articulation. The BJP agriculture minister has spoken about his latest position at a Business Standard conducted summit that we have to wait for the budget announcement for the announcement of the new sops.

This is a weak statement. The hon’ble minister must articulate his ministry’s various positions on various sections. Agriculture is to produce enough food stocks for internal consumption, for exports and for internal distribution under the various social schemes like PDS and also to maintain food prices to contain food inflation etc. The portfolio is a very heavy one and calls for various initiatives. Unfortunately, we don’t gat such a reassuring picture of the basic portfolio.

The farmers of this country have paid a heavy price for trusting the government to announce one or two major policies.

There is, as we in this media say often, a macro-economic and micro-economic perspectives in the agri sector.

There is the huge confidence among the countrymen about the future of the Indian agriculture sector. India is one of the largest producer of the critical grains, both wheat and rice.

India exports huge quantities of rice and wheat and as per the latest data; Indian farm exports now crosses, in the six months period, from
April-September period, the farm product exports in dollar terms crossed 9 billion dollar mark and this has to be further analysed and explained to the general farm public in simple and easy manner. This is not happening and we at the Vadamalai Media are engaged ion doing just that. Agriculture is a very serious priority for us and we like to empower and educate our farming public with what we, as farmers are engaged in.

How high priority is agriculture?

Agriculture is the very soul and psychology of the majority of the Indian people. India is an agrarian economy. India is an agriculture nation.

So, every step in safeguarding the very foundation of the Indian economy must start with the Indian agriculture development. Agriculture has to be seen as basic to our very way of life. So, the hot political topic of farm loans waiver and other assurances to the farmers have sort of sacred value for every policy maker.
Who are all agriculture policy makers?

Not the routine secretaries and joint secretaries and other major and minor bureaucrats?

Farm loan waivers as announced and assured by various state governments have to be seen with a realistic and responsible way.
Farmers suicides also need to be more seriously discussed.
Farmers lives in the villages are governed and driven by various socio-cultural and economic factors.

Farmers want to live by honour and self dignity. So, the farmers debts are a matter for both their economic security and self-honour.

So, we have to give a kisan credit card that should be very flexible and must carry lots of flexibility. A farmer won’t go away from his traditional occupation like, say, any other businessmen or other business ventures.

So, the farmer’s identity is very different. We see farmers in the historic context. He is both a debtor and a litigant.

Farmer as a litigant has emerged as a new phenomenon
The various land reform legislations have turned farmers into both debtors and litigants.

That is one basic reason why farmers suddenly turn into debtors. The land legislation laws, in our opinion, have to be liberalised. In fact, we need new legislations to ensure that the traditional rural land ownership is not so radically cast. Make land ceilings relaxed. The Niti-Aayog has come out with a model land legislation law. Of course it is now too late in the day, as we are nearer the 2019 General Election and so it is very unlikely the government can meddle with these tricky and in a sense unworkable land laws.

This is a reality that everybody concerned avoiding  the topic altogether!

Rural reality is much more complex than what the establishment seems to be imagining. Rural reality is historically formed. So, we have to take much time and labour to create a new climate of mind change for the experts, academics and political ideology seekers.

We have to bring in both the Leftists and the Right-wingers and also the new avatars as caste parties and also rural landed feudalism wherever it is entrenched.

Very likely, it seems!
Rahul in the race for PM?
Very unlikely!
The ruling leading lights shout: It is PM vs. chaos! Opposition unity, a shame!

Defence_aeroplanePolitical issues are getting hotter everyday. Election outcome in 2019 is the major guessing game. There is less and less of tolerance and
Dissidence of any sort is not welcome. Because politics is grabbing of power, raw power at that!

What the people, the voters would show in 2019?

It is always easy to talk of global issues, in a sense. Be it high finance or trade or any other issues. So, we often see the Indian media reports that India would grow at 7.5 % while the world growth might slow down. Anyway such praise comes at times when the country needs some light and energy to life our spirits.

It is only when the Opposition gets its acts together and get the government functioning stalled as it has been happening in recent times, one gets a bit unnerved. After all we are a democracy, more precisely a Parliamentary democracy and that means some imposition of rules and discipline in behaviour in Parliament.

Again, the Opposition has lots of opportunities to disrupt the proceedings of the House and also, if the government is weak in its activities and that too in such high sensitive matters like, say the Rafale deal, then it is most likely the government looks very weak and defenceless and the Opposition seizes the upper hand.

Mr.Rahul Gandhi might not have put the government on fire but he has succeeded by concentrating on only one-point agenda of attacking the
Prime Minister, sometimes, by overdoing the same sort of attacks by over-doing the same.

This only has dented the image of the Central government as one that has lost its track and nothing to show by way of progress on other fronts. For example, the question of corruption is high on the agenda and also other sensitive issues have come to public notice recently. The CBI issues are man-made or systemic?

Surely, the CBI is only   the most critical and also directly under the Prime Minister’s portfolio. Surely this has dented the image of the quality of the Central government. The government acted very late and has led to too much waste of time and energy.

Surely, the PMO must take the blame and it looks the final solution is something that is far away. There can’t be any quick-fix here and the image of corruption and a search for clean image for the PMO is not in sight. The 2019 general elections might have come and gone and much water must have flowed since then.

So, the issue of corruption and also the related issue of the most suspect one is the postponement of the creation of the high office of the Lok Pal.

Really it is galling to imagine why we have showed ourselves as a nation of hypocrites, as people who don’t mean anything when it comes to high corruption when it comes to running our democracy.
The BJP, the main Opposition with a radically different ideology, one that is secular and so on  was harping for a long time an ideology, the
Hindutva that was to give an answer to all the questions, issues and very modern issues of social, economic and cultural perceptions.
Yes, the Congress was otherwise deficient, dynasty-focussed; it put the interests of a family above the larger country. This was a bit repugnant and not giving enough transparent and honestic public conduct.

A great nationalist party of long legitimacy lost its core values for the existence of a family’s interest and also giving rise of a succession of corruptions that became public scandals. Big guns were also involved and yet a weak Prime minister hand-picked from the ranks of bureaucracy and it became evident soon that no among of justifying would hide the fact that the PM candidate himself didn’t know he was chosen but he learnt from other vested interests! One scandal followed the other and in the coal scam, it was the poor bureaucrats, it is alleged, who were made the scapegoats!

The government became so scandalised that in the ensuing elections there were not enough right candidates and the party met with a historic low number.

Now, is the Congress ready to rise up to the new challenges?
It is doubtful it can rise up now. When other Opposition parties, now numbering some 19parties have come out with a show of unity. Yet, the past suspicions have gone away.

These suspicions only showed the absence of some key players.
Mayawati and Akilesh have joined hands. So too, it looks, Lalu Prasad’s RJD. Anyhow, even if Lalu wills his progeny with newly acquired power and opportunity won’t fall for Rahul as the likely Prime Minister and that seems a distant dream!

Surely the time is right, it seems for a new coalition in the 2019 elections and someone other than Rahul might be elevated to lead the country.

And that also seems right given the personality of Narendra Modi whose image, though somewhat dented, has not lost its sheen!

Also, the money power, the electoral funds calculations. Yes, you need funds and big funds and the current scenarios such that the BJP is far above the next party, the Congress is election funds tally.

Given the disenchantment of the moment it is only mature wisdom some new names and new ideas of a new coalition era to give stability and a new direction to the country.